maternal mortality rate is high in china or pakistan

Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. It finds that maternal mortality accounts for 28 percent of the global total. This is true for many indicators - income indicator such as GDP per capita, health indicator such as mortality rate, literacy, life expectancy in China for one lakh births, only 50 women die whereas in India and Pakistan more than 500 women die. Compare and contrast the development of India, China and Pakistan with respect to some salient human development indicators. There are a number of reasons India has such a high maternal mortality ratio. 5 According to the Pakistan National Institute of Population Studies, the maternal mortality rate is almost twice as high in rural areas as compared to urban areas. First cousin marriage rates in UK are attributed to be the cause of high child mortality. Pakistan maternal mortality rate for 2014 was 161.00 , a 3.01% decline from 2013. But it came down to 3.4 compared to world average was 5 in 1960 that came down to 2.5. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. In young children, diarrhoea and respiratory illness remain as the major killers. Authors Maigeng Zhou 1 , Haidong Wang 2 , Xinying Zeng 1 , … Almost all maternal deaths (99%) occur in developing countries. The highlight is that most of the states recording unfavorable maternal mortality rates are the ones with the highest number of birth rates and huge population bases with poor health infrastructure. A number of factors contribute to the high maternal mortality ratio in Pakistan. Pakistan Maternal Mortality Rate 2000-2021, Pakistan maternal mortality rate for 2017 was, Pakistan maternal mortality rate for 2016 was, Pakistan maternal mortality rate for 2015 was, Pakistan maternal mortality rate for 2014 was. https://www.zigya.com/share/RUNFTjExMDI1NDA4. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. 2019 Sep 28;394(10204):1145-1158. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30427-1. If a woman passes away from an accident or a health issue that doesn't have anything to do with the pregnancy, then it is not considered a pregnancy-related death. the Pakistan National Institute of Population Studies, the maternal mortality rate is almost twice as high in rural areas as compared to urban areas. Results: The cumulative maternal mortality ratio (MMR) was 1521.5 per 100,000 live births. This is true for many indicators - income indicator such as GDP per capita, health indicator such as mortality rate, literacy, life expectancy in China for one lakh births, only 50 women die whereas in India and Pakistan … Pakistan maternal mortality rate for 2016 was 143.00, a 7.14% decline from 2015. 6.5 in 1960. More than half of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third occur in South Asia. Reducing high maternal mortality rates in western China: a novel approach Kunchok Gyaltsen , Gongque Jianzan , a Lhusham Gyal , Li Xianjia , b Jessica D Gipson , c Tsering Kyi , Cai Rangji , d and Anne R Pebley e Pakistan — Causes of Neonatal Mortality, 2015. When a woman dies from anything having to do with pregnancy, it is called maternal mortality or maternal death.1 Maternal death can happen while a woman is pregnant, during labor and delivery, or in the 42 days after childbirth or the termination of pregnancy. Different countries and cultures have different rates and causes for maternal death. Birth asphyxia and birth trauma 20.9% Sepsis 17.2% Prematurity 39.3%. China maternal mortality rate for 2016 was 29.00, a 3.33% decline from 2015. Proportion of people below poverty line  is more in _________ (India/Pakistan). China enjoys an upper hand in this case. Among women age 12 to 49, complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death, accounting for 20 percent of all deaths for women of childbearing age. Download books and chapters from book store. More than half of maternal deaths occur in fragile and humanitarian settings. Comparatively, the infant mortality rate in the neighbouring countries of India, Nepal and Bangladesh are 61/1000, 48/1000 and 46/1000, respectively. Key demographic indicators for China: Under-Five Mortality Rate, Population. (Pakistan/China), 232, Block C-3, Janakpuri, New Delhi, China maternal mortality rate for 2014 was 31.00, a 3.13% decline from 2013. Please check your download folder. First five year plan of  ____________ commenced  in the year 1956. The maternal mortality ratio in developing countries in 2015 is 239 per 100 000 live births versus 12 per 100 … Maternal mortality rate high in Sindh Posted by: admin in Gender Issues September 21, 2004 0 609 Views KARACHI – Most of the government-run health facilities in Sindh – particularly those belonging to Hyderabad, Sanghar and Karachi districts – are not properly staffed. It was also reported that the primary reason for the high mortality rate was maternal hemorrhage during the prenatal and postnatal period, other reasons for the high mortality rate included sepsis, eclampsia, rupturing of the uterus and abortions. Direct causes of death have accounted for 2820 (84.78%) of total maternal death. Delhi - 110058. Half of women of reproductive age are anemic (50.4%). The comparison of first 5 years' period (1986-1990) and last 5 years (2011-2015) showed downward trend in maternal mortality rate from 2368.6-1265.1. (China/Pakistan). In 2019, under-5 mortality rate for Pakistan was 67.2 deaths per thousand live births. KEYWORDS: Maternal mortality, Maternal mortality rate, Hemorrhage, Hypertension INTRODUCTION Maternal mortality is defined by World health organization (WHO) as the demise of a woman during maternity in the first 42 days of cessation of pregnancy, regardless of site & time of the pregnancy, from any reason linked to gravidity or its management, but not from unintentional causes. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. Please check your download folder. Higher maternal mortality among rural populations has largely been attributed to a few remote maternal health centers and a lack of properly trained staff. Maternal mortality in India is the maternal death of a woman in India during pregnancy or after pregnancy, including post-abortion or post-birth periods. 2021 Zigya Technology Labs Pvt. Bringing it to this level was difficult rather challenging in a Muslim country. Congenital Anomalies 5.7% Other, 4.2%. Comparative Development Experiences Of India And Its Neighbours. The high number of maternal deaths in some areas of the world reflects inequities in access to health services, and highlights the gap between rich and poor. Women die from avoidable complications during childbirth. Mortality, morbidity, and risk factors in China and its provinces, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 Lancet. Maternal mortality rate is high in __________ (China/Pakistan). China National Key Research and Development Program and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. From the above table we can see that China is moving ahead of India and Pakistan. Hussain and Bittles (Hussein, R.; Bittles, A.H. (1999), Consanguineous marriage and differentials in age at marriage, contraceptive use and fertility in Pakistan, Journal of Biosocial Science, pp. with high neonatal mortality rates. Ltd. Marriage and childbirth at an early age, lack of adequate health care facilities, inadequate nutrition and absence … We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. Maternal death, also called maternal mortality, is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes." In Pakistan, the main causes of neonatal deaths in 2015 were prematurity (39.3 percent), birth asphyxia and … This implies that in India and Pakistan a woman usually gives birth to approximately 3 and 5 children. According to the United Nations Population Fund, Pakistan has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in South Asia. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on the proportion of maternal deaths among non-AIDS deaths in women ages 15-49, fertility, birth attendants, and GDP. Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. Description: The map displayed here shows how Infant mortality rate varies by country. From the above table we can see that China is moving ahead of India and Pakistan. Reforms in __________ were introduced in 1978. The initial was higher. Epub 2019 Jun 24. © Causes of high IMR: According to the Pakistan Medical Association, one of the Take a look: Maternal and child mortality rate remains high in Balochistan . Between 1998 and 2017, maternal mortality ratio of Pakistan was declining at a moderating rate to shrink from 330 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1998 to 140 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. In 2017, maternal mortality ratio for Pakistan was 140 deaths per 100,000 live births. One of the prominent causes is the absence of proper health care facilities. The maternal mortality rate in Pakistan is one of the highest in South Asia. Definition: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. Maternal and child mortality is an important indicator of a country's health and development. (a) First Five Year Plan of _____ commenced in the year 1956 (Pakistan/China) (b) Maternal mortality rate is high in _____ (China/Pakistan) (c) Proportion of people below poverty line is more in _____ (India/Pakistan) (d) Reforms in _____ were introduced in 1978 (China/Pakistan) - Economics - Unit IV- Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours China maternal mortality rate for 2015 was 30.00, a 3.23% decline from 2014. The estimated prevalence of various forms of malnutrition conditions in children under 5 years is: 31.6% underweight, 10.5% wasting, 3.3% severe wasting, 45.0% stunting and 4.8% overweight. The rate of Maternal Mortality in Pakistan is 299 per 100,000 live births, while 1 in 89 women die because of pregnancy and childbirth complications. Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births. New Pakistan DHS finds high maternal mortality . China maternal mortality rate for 2017 was 29.00, a 0% increase from 2016. The fertility rate of Chinese woman is only 1.8 whereas those of India and Pakistan are 3.0 and 5.1. 121–138) provide a lower rate in Pakistan. So what exactly are the causes of this high rate of death amongst Pakistani children, read on to find out. Pakistan maternal mortality rate for 2015 was 154.00 , a 4.35% decline from 2014. Download the PDF Question Papers Free for off line practice and view the Solutions online. Under-5 mortality rate of Pakistan fell gradually from 190 deaths per thousand live births in 1970 to 67.2 deaths per thousand live births in 2019. Calverton, MD - In Pakistan, 1 in 89 women will die of maternal causes, according to the 2006-07 Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS). 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